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It has been taught to us since we were kids that hard work or vigorous exercise can help us to "work up an appetite"; however, that theory may not be entirely true - at least immediately after a workout. A study conducted at BYU (Brigham Youth University) by Professors James LeCheminant and Michael Larson found that an exerciser's motivation for food is actually decreased after a 45-minute moderate-to-vigorous workout.

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Everyone knows that smoking can cause several types of cancer and a myriad of lung-related illnesses, but there is an increasing amount of data indicating that smoking can also lead to an increased risk for Type 2 Diabetes.  

According to The Cleveland Clinic Foundation (www.mycleavelandclinic.org):

"Diabetes is a disease of the pancreas, an organ behind your stomach. Normally, the pancreas releases a substance, called insulin, into the blood. Insulin helps the body use simple sugars and fats broken down from the food we eat. When a person has diabetes, the pancreas either does not make insulin, doesn’t make enough of it, or the insulin does not work properly. Diabetes is a serious illness and its long-term complications can include eye disease (retinopathy), kidney disease (nephropathy), heart disease, and nerve disease (neuropathy).

Smoking increases your risk of getting diabetes.

If you smoke and think you are otherwise in good health, think again. According to a study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, smoking 16 to 25 cigarettes a day increases your risk for Type 2 diabetes to three times that of a non-smoker. The more risk factors a person has, the greater the chances are of developing diabetes.

Risk factors for Type 2 diabetes include:

  • Family history of diabetes
  • Being of African-American, Hispanic, or Native American race or ethnic background
  • Obesity (This means a person is 20 percent or more over his or her desired body weight.)
  • Physical stress (This includes things such as surgery or illness.)
  • Use of certain medicines
  • Injury to the pancreas (Injuries can occur from things such as infection, tumor, surgery, or accident)
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Hypertension
  • Elevated blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels
  • Age (Risk increases with age.)
  • Alcohol (Risk increases with years of heavy alcohol use.)
  • Smoking
  • Pregnancy (Women can develop diabetes during pregnancy. If this happens, the chance of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life also increases.)

Smoking increases complications for those who have diabetes.

While smoking can increase your chances of getting diabetes, it can also make managing diabetes more difficult for those who already have it. Other complications of smoking on diabetes include retinopathy (eye disease), heart disease, stroke, vascular disease, kidney disease, nerve damage, foot problems, and many others.

Other ways smoking can harm you include:

  • Cancer of the mouth, throat, lung, and bladder
  • Stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis)
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Limited joint mobility
  • Increased cholesterol and other fat levels in your blood
  • Impotence
  • Miscarriage
  • Stillbirth

Reducing your risk of getting diabetes

A person with some or all of the risk factors might never develop diabetes, but your chances increase as more risk factors are present. Certain risk factors like age, family history, and ethnicity cannot be altered, but a change in lifestyle that includes eating a modified diet, increasing physical activity, and quitting smoking might help reduce your risk. Ask you doctor for specific recommendations that are right for you."

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You can achieve weight loss

 

Sometimes it is difficult to get motivated to achieve weight loss, particularly when it means giving up foods that you really enjoy or trying to fit exercise into your already crazy-busy life.  But there are lots of benefits of shedding pounds that go beyond just looking better and feeling better.

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weigth loss and cancerTUESDAY, Jan. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Endometrial cancer patients are much more likely to die if they're overweight and physically inactive, a new study finds.

Researchers looked at how body-mass index (a measure of body fat based on height and weight) and physical activity levels were tied to survival in 1,400 women with endometrial cancer, which affects the lining of the uterus.

Patients with a BMI of between 25 to 29.9 (considered overweight) were 74 percent more likely to die within five years of diagnosis than patients with a healthy BMI of between 18.5 to 24.9. The risk of death was 84 percent higher for women with a BMI of 30 to 34.9 and 135 percent for those with a BMI of 35 or higher.

However, regardless of BMI, women who did more than seven hours a week of moderate to vigorous physical activity before they were diagnosed with endometrial cancer were 36 percent less likely to die within five years compared to women who never or rarely exercised.

Further research is needed to understand how weight and physical activity influence survival, but these factors may affect tumor progression through insulin resistance, circulating hormone levels and inflammation, the Yale School of Public Health researchers said.

"This study provides new evidence that a healthy body-mass index and higher physical activity levels are associated with better endometrial cancer survival," lead researcher Hannah Arem, a doctoral candidate at the School of Public Health and a pre-doctoral research fellow in the division of cancer epidemiology and genetics at the U.S. National Cancer Institute, said in a Yale news release.

"While all women are encouraged to maintain a healthy body weight and to exercise, women at high risk of endometrial cancer may be particularly motivated by these findings," Arem added.

The study was published online Jan. 7 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

About 42,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with endometrial cancer each year, and nearly 8,000 die from it.

While the study found an association between body weight and physical activity with death risk in women with endometrial cancer, it did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship.  If you would like to talk to us about losing a few pounds for a better you, click here.

Drinking more water, so that you are certain that you are getting enough daily to keep you hydrated and your body functioning properly, is especially important when you are trying to achieve weight loss and keep the weight off. Lizette Borelli, a senior editor at Medical Daily, has this to say about water and weight loss:

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